Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)

What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?

Kesinambungan from the previous entry… Alhamdulillah I was already okay on the next of the day. Setelah bermuhasabah diri, berdoa, beristighfar dan fikir banyak2 LOL 😛 Kesian lah Baby Besar tu selalu kena marah 😛 Okay lah hari ni nak cerita pasal lain tapi sebab pics tak dapat nak transfer sekarang so I’m gonna share about this first! Okay actually I have made pamphlet on ASD for myself to carry around whenever and wherever I go out. Dah lama dah buat ni. So that it would be easier for me to explain about ASD when there is any chance people would ask. Dekat family members mak, pak, adik semua pun dapat ‘hadiah’ ni. Pelik je muka masing2 apsal diorang pun dapat. Bukanlah diorang tak faham. Tapi nak bagi hadam betul2. Amik baca! 😛

The main intention of making this pamphlet is because I want to help create awareness among our society about what ASD is all about. Agak2 kalau keluar dengan Ihsan dan situasi tak terkawal so nak dapat cooperation from orang sekeliling I would give this daripada aku penat bercakap. Mana nak bercakap mana nak control Ihsan lagi kan. Memang memang memang our society still having very little knowledge on ASD. Last time I did make an entry about ASD but it was way too long. So today I’m gonna just copy the brief explanation from my pamphlet into here. You can ask me anytime if you want a copy of it and you can print it yourself to give it to anyone. You know… maybe you might suddenly have the thought of helping create awareness too someday. I would be very glad to help and share 😀


What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder




Children with autism can be very gifted. They can also have severe problems. Many people who are autistic lead normal lives, are college graduates, or have children themselves. Getting help as soon as possible provides the best chance for a good future.


What Is Autism?

Autism is known as complex developmental disability. It is a form or neurological disorder called Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD includes:

  • Autistic Disorder
  • Asperger’s Syndrome
  • Rett’s Disorder
  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder—Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

There are also many other disorders that usually are related to ASD such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Fragile X Syndrome and so on.


How Common Is ASD?

ASD statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identify ASD affects 1 in 88 children and 4-5 times more common among boys than among girls. ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic, and social groups.


What Causes ASD?

Many causes of ASD have been proposed but until today there is still NO exact known/ confirmed cause of ASD.


What Are The Symptoms Of ASD?

Usually, parents first notice that their toddler has not started talking yet and is not acting like other children the same age. But it is not unusual for a child to start to talk at the same time as other children the same age, then lose his or her language skills. The symptoms and characteristics of ASD can present themselves in a wide variety of combination from mild to severe. ASD children have impairment in:

  • Communication/ language
  • Social abilities
  • Limited interests in activities or play/ Behaviour


Learn The Traits Or Signs Of ASD

There are a large number of signs or traits for ASD. The list below is complied with some of the most common ones.

  • Delayed development of speech
  • Echolalia: speech consisting of literally repeating something heard
  • Lack of interaction
  • Lack of eye contact
  • Acts deaf
  • Appears unaware of others’ feelings
  • May prefer to be alone
  • Aggressive behaviour due to anxiety and/or frustration
  • Repetitive behaviour, e.g spinning, rocking, flapping hands, head banging, spinning, rocking, twirling
  • Apparent insensitivity to pain
  • Lack of awareness of fear and danger
  • Difficult expressing needs/ may use gestures
  • Oversensitivity or under sensitivity to noise, touch, taste, smell and sight
  • Hyperactivity or passiveness
  • Inappropriate toy play
  • Strange attachment to objects
  • Desire to keep objects in a certain physical pattern
  • Self-injurious behaviour
  • Problem with gross and fine motor skills

Remember all children are different, especially children on the spectrum. They may have many, or only a few of the signs/ traits above. This list should not be used for diagnosis. If you have any concerns, contact your health professional.


Tests And Diagnosis Of ASD

Children suspected with ASD can be diagnosed at the age of 2 to 3 years old. Diagnosing ASD can be difficult, since there is no medical test, like a blood test, to diagnose the disorders. Doctors look at the child’s behaviour and development to make a diagnosis. Diagnosing an ASD takes two steps:

  • Developmental screening (helps tell if children have delays).
  • Comprehensive diagnostic evaluation (may include looking at the child’s behaviour and development and interviewing the parents. It may also include hearing and vision screening, genetic testing, neurological testing, and other medical testing).

Specialists who can do these types of evaluation include:

  • Developmental Paediatricians
  • Child Neurologists
  • Child Psychologists or Psychiatrists


How Is ASD Treated?

There is no cure for autism. Therapy and behavioural help can greatly improve your child’s chances to do well in life. The earlier you get help the better. Ask your child’s doctor to refer you to any of the following:

  • Education and help with behaviour
  • Therapies – speech, occupational, etc
  • Medications
  • Other treatments


How You Can Help Children With ASD?

You can help ASD children by trying to understand, tolerate and support them in many ways like following:

  • Be patient
  • Teach a little bit at a time
  • Make sure they are paying attention to you before you talk
  • Show them how to play
  • Say nice things to them
  • Give them time to relax and do what they want to do
  • Give them fair chance to take new challenge like other typical children
  • Help educate and create awareness about ASD
  • LOVE THEM for who they are.


So, itu secara ringkas berkenaan apa itu Autism. Honestly, I joined group Fb Autisme Malaysia masa mula-mula cari info pasal ASD ni. Before that I was like in the darkness, tapi bila jumpa group tu rasa macam terjumpa lampu terang yang memimpin kemana nak tuju lol! Sungguh, that group has become my greatest saviour ever since! Lega sangat 🙂

Jadi kalau nak tau pasal Autism, join lah group tu. Ramai ahli group tu yang bukan parents pun tapi ada cikgu-cikgu ataupun masyarakat individu prihatin yang memang berminat nak tau pasal anak Autism ni.


Leave a Reply

CommentLuv badge

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.